The epiglottis is a flap of tissue that separates the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (tube leading to the stomach).
It closes and cuts off your trachea so food doesn’t enter when you eat, however, don’t try to breath while eating.
The second line of defense is sneeze or cough.
Increase Lungs Capacity
- It will take time to increase lung capacity, so remember to stay optimistic.
- To enhance lung function, practice belly breathing and pursed lip breathing for about 5–10 minutes every day.
- Rest a hand or a lightweight object on the stomach.
- Breathe in slowly through the nose, and note how far the stomach rises.
- Breathe out through the mouth.
- Breathe in through the nose, this time trying to get the stomach to rise higher than it did with the previous breath.
- Exhale, and try to make each exhalation two or three times as long as each inhalation.
- Periodically, roll the shoulders forward and backward and move the head from side to side to ensure that the exercise is not contributing to tension in the upper body.
- Lay in a comfortable position on your back, and rest one hand on top of your abdomen.
- Rest the other hand on your chest.
- Breathe in deeply and slowly from your mid-section.
- The hand on your stomach will rise higher than the one on your chest.
- Exhale slowly from the mouth and inhale slowly from the nose, holding your breath for seven seconds if possible.
- Then, when you exhale, breathe out for eight seconds.
- Make sure to squeeze your abdominal muscles near the end, so you exhale all the air.
Breathe this way for five cycles.
Pursed lip breathing
- Sit up straight — good posture can help promote lung movement.
- Breathe in deeply through the nose in a slow, controlled fashion.
- Purse the lips — they should be almost touching, as when making a “kissing” face.
- Breathe out through pursed lips — ideally, the exhalation should be twice as long as the inhalation was.
- Inhale normally and naturally (not through the straw)..
- Exhale fully through a plastic drinking straw – make sure you have exhaled all of the air out of your lungs.
Repeat this exercise for 5 minutes…
Oriental Breath is yet another breathing exercise that helps lungs to work efficiently and optimally.
- It starts with simple inhaling and exhaling.
- After that, you need to inhale three times through your nose without exhaling.
- Once again inhale and raise your arms till shoulder level.
- Your arms should rest in front of your body.
- Now open your arms as wide as you can and take them overhead (again inhaling).
- Finally, exhale as you bring back your arms to the starting position.
- Take a deep breath and close your eyes.
- Exhale in such a manner that your lungs get empty.
- Now inhale again and think of number 1 as you concentrate on breathing.
- Hold your breath for a couple of seconds and exhale. Then inhale thinking of number 2 and breathe out within 3 seconds.
- Continue with this exercise till number 8. This will enhance your lung capacity.
- With your feet flat on the ground and with an upright posture, keep your knees relaxed and bend over from the waist.
- Push the air out of your lungs, and then slowly return to an upright position.
- Inhale slowly and allow your lungs to comfortably fill with as much air as possible.
- Hold your breath for 20 seconds. While counting, lift your arms over your head.
- Relax and then lower your arms as you exhale slowly.
Complete this cycle four times.
- Stand upright and exhale all the air from your lungs.
- Slowly breathe in, and expand your lungs to the maximum capacity.
- Hold the air for about 20 seconds.
- While counting, place both hands on your hips with thumbs facing front with pinkies touching the small of your back.
- Exhale the air slowly, relax and repeat three more times.