The word ‘vitamin’ has its root in ‘vitamine’ that means vital amine.
Vitamins are powerful organic compounds found mainly in the food that we eat.
Vitamins are essential for all human beings because they help cells and tissues to perform basic functions.
Basically, vitamins are required for the growth of the body.
There are two types of vitamins- the water soluble vitamins and the fat soluble vitamins.
Fat soluble vitamins are also called hormones. All the commonly known vitamins are water soluble vitamins, of which vitamin C or ascorbic acid is the most common.
Earlier it was believed that all these vitamins belong to one group called B complex as they were all found in the same source.
Later they were categorized as different vitamins.
Vitamin A, B1, B3, B5, B9, D, E, H, K, P, Choline and Inositol are some of the other vitamins.
Few of these vitamins are known by their biological names, like vitamin B1 is known as thiamine and vitamin H, Biotin.
Vitamins form an essential component of the balanced diet that we eat.