How serious is Diabetes?
The early symptoms of untreated diabetes mellitus are related to the elevated blood glucose levels.
Excess glucose in the blood ultimately results in high levels of glucose being present in the urine (glucosuria).
This increases the urine output, which leads to dehydration and increased thirst.
Other symptoms include extreme tiredness, weight loss, blurred vision, itchy skin and repeated minor infections such as thrush and boils.
Another form of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, occurs in some women during pregnancy.
It is a temporary condition caused by pregnancy and usually occurs in the later stages, once the baby has formed but is still growing.
Although there is currently no cure for diabetes mellitus, it can be controlled successfully with an active treatment plan.
The potential benefit of pancreas transplants and islet cell transplants in type 1 patients is being investigated.